Human trafficking report 2017: US continues to label India as Tier-II According to the June 2017 edition of “Trafficking in persons” report released by the United States State Department, India continues to be placed in tier-2 of human trafficking, the department arguing that the country does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
The State Department in its annual Congressional-mandated report on human trafficking claimed that though India does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but it has been making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore, India remained on tier-2.
India ‘s efforts were reflected in increasing the number of victims identified, investigations completed, and traffickers convicted, as well as its budget for shelter programmes for female and child trafficking victims. It also adopted an action plan for children, which included plans to prevent child trafficking and protect child victims. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas.
The report ruled that overall victim identification and protection remained inadequate and inconsistent and the government sometimes penalised victims through arrests for crimes committed as a result of being subjected to human trafficking.
According to the report, demonetisation had an impact on sex trafficking last year. Some NGOs commented sex trafficking was temporarily reduced until other forms of payment were established. Some NGOs reported a resultant increase in other methods of payment including online payments.
Other NGOs stated workers in the informal economy, including brick kiln workers, were at times paid in void currency notes or were not paid at all due to cash shortages. Both the situations subsequently increased the workers’ vulnerability to debt bondage and forced labour.
As per the report, India is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Forced labour constitutes India ‘s largest trafficking problem. Men, women, and children in debt bondage, sometimes inherited from previous generations are forced to work in brick kilns, rice mills, agriculture, and embroidery factories.
Most of India ‘s trafficking problem is internal, and those from the most disadvantaged social strata- lowest caste Dalits, members of tribal communities, religious minorities, and women and girls from excluded groups are most vulnerable.
Within India , some are subjected to forced labour in sectors such as construction, steel, and textile industries, wire manufacturing for underground cables, biscuit factories, pickling, floriculture, fish farms, and ship breaking, among others. Thousands of unregulated work placement agencies reportedly lure adults and children under false promises of employment into sex trafficking or forced labour, including domestic servitude, the report added.
Greetings from Pahle India Foundation and YES Global Institute, a practicing think tank at YES BANK.
We are pleased to announce the commencement of the Pahle India Foundation – YES Global Institute Monthly Seminar Series on SMEs to deliberate on key issues and challenges in the SME sector and contribute towards policy development for growth of the sector.
It gives us immense pleasure to invite you as a Special Guestto attend the first edition of the Series on ‘Driving Entrepreneurship through SMEs’ to be held on July 3, 2017 at Multipurpose Hall, IIC, New Delhi.
Shri Ramesh Abhishek, Secretary, Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion
Ms. Jyotsna Sitling*, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship
Mr. Ravindra Nath*, Chairman & Managing Director, National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC)
Mr. Piyush Mittal, Promoter, Shiv Shakti Processed Foods Pvt Ltd
Shri Anil Bhardwaj, Secretary General, Federation of Indian Micro and Small and Medium Enterprises (FISME)
Pahle India Foundation – YES Global Institute Monthly Seminar Series on SMEs
‘Driving Entrepreneurship through SMEs’
July 3, 2017 IIC, New Delhi
2:30 pm onwards
3:00 pm – 3:10 pm
Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Founding Director, Pahle India Foundation
Sumit Gupta, Group President &National Head Business and Rural Banking, YES BANK
3:10 pm – 4:30 pm
Panel Discussion (Moderated by Dr. Rajiv Kumar)
4:30 pm – 4:55 pm
4:55 pm – 5:00 pm
Vote of thanks by Nirupama Soundararajan, Senior Fellow, Pahle India Foundation
5:00 pm onwards
Networking & Tea
For any further information, please get in touch with:
Australia and the US began their biggest ever joint military exercises on Thursday, a show of force, largely at sea, aimed at sending a message both to allies and potential foes, including China. The exercises involve 33,000 US and Australian troops on board battleships equipped with strike jets. Admiral Harry Harris, head of the US Pacific Command, asked how he thought China would view the exercises, said the size of the deployment was intended as a signal. “I’m pleased about that message it sends our friends, allies, partners and potential adversaries,” Harris told reporters on board the USS Bonhomme Richard.
The US china diplomatic trifle goes on various issues ranging from economical to diplomatic channels the two giants economy and super powers are stuck in various global issues. With new global order the axis of Russia China Iran with their individual interest the one axis and the other axis of US NATO -Allied forces Viz US, UK, EU,Israel, Japan Australia and Saudi Arabia formidable.
US State Department has downgraded China’s status in its report on human trafficking to the lowest level. It says the country has not taken serious steps to end its own complicity in trafficking, including North Koreans working as forced laborers in China.The department released its annual Trafficking in Persons report on Tuesday.
The report lowered China’s standing by one notch from last year to the lowest of the 4 ranks — for the first time in 4 years.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said North Korean citizens are working overseas as forced laborers to earn foreign currency for their country. He asked nations hosting North Korean laborers to send them home.
The administration of President Donald Trump has placed importance on cooperating with China over North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs. Observers say the latest downgrade is likely to draw a sharp reaction from Beijing.
Japan was given the second highest ranking, unchanged from last year. The report says some women and men are coerced to engage in sexual acts to produce pornographic materials. Media agencies
US President Donald Trump will visit France for the Bastille Day celebrations on July 14th. His visit will also commemorate the US entry into World War One 100 years ago.White House spokesperson Sean Spicer said on Wednesday that Trump accepted French President Emmanuel Macron’s invitation and will visit Paris.
Spicer says Trump looks forward to reaffirming the United States’ strong ties of friendship with France.
France’s presidency said on Wednesday that US President Donald Trump had accepted an invitation to attend the annual Bastille day military parade in Paris on July 14. “As part of the commemoration marking the 100th anniversary of the entry of the United States into World War I,” Trump has accepted an invitation from President Emmanuel Macron, the French leader’s office said
During this year’s traditional Bastille Day military parade down Paris’ Champs-Elysees avenue, American soldiers will walk together with French soldiers.
The 2 leaders say they will further build on the strong partnership between their countries.
Nonetheless, differences are emerging between the 2 countries on some global issues.
Early this month, Trump decided to pull the United States out of the Paris Agreement on climate change. Macron has expressed regret over the decision. Media agencies
Addressing the challenge of climate change will be one of the central tasks of the upcoming G20 summit of the world’s largest economies in Hamburg, German Chancellor Angela Merkel told lawmakers on Thursday. In a speech to the German parliament, Merkel said she expected discussions on the matter to be difficult in the wake of US President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris climate pact, adding that, as host, she would lead the talks with the aim of furthering the pact’s goals. “We cannot expect easy discussions on climate change at the G20 summit,” she said. “Our differences with the US are clear.”
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